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About Access Restrictions to Electronic Resources

Access and use of electronic resources made available by the Becker Medical Library are governed by license agreements between the School of Medicine and publishers or third parties. Several of the electronic resources carry some restriction on their use. Access may be restricted by user location, number of concurrent users, and/or password.

In short, most people experience access limitations based on the network to which their computer is connected. Below is a quick breakdown of what can be accessed from various networks.

BJH (Limited to) SLCH (Limited to) Proxy (Remote Access) WUSM Off Campus
UpToDate Online
American Academy of Pediatrics Journals
Applied Clinical Informatics
Harriet Lane Handbook
Red Book Online
UpToDate Online
Unrestricted Access to All Becker Resources Unrestricted Access to All Becker Resources No Access without Proxy

An Incunabulum at the Becker Library

One of the treasures in the library’s rare book collection is a 1497 copy of Niccolò Leoniceno’s Libellus de Epidemia.  Leoniceno (1424-1524) was a professor of medicine at the University of Ferrara, and is probably most well-known for his attacks on the classical author Pliny.  While Pliny’s Natural History was a significant scientific resource throughout the Middle Ages, Leoniceno criticized the soundness of Pliny’s medical observations, arguing that the errors found in the text were not caused by centuries of scribal errors but were the result of Pliny’s own scientific misunderstandings.  This was not a popular opinion, and several treatises refuting Leoniceno were swiftly published.

The work shown here is Leoniceno’s treatise on syphilis, which was one of the earliest works ever published on the subject.  This is the only work in the library that comes from the publishing house of Aldus Manutius.  Manutius established his printing house in Venice, and specialized in the production of small, octavo-size editions of the Greek classics, which he printed in higher numbers than had hitherto been the norm.  One of his most significant decisions was to hire Francesco Griffo as his type-designer.  Griffo designed the first italic typeface as well as several formal Roman types that influenced later typographers.  The popularity of Manutius’ editions printed in Griffo’s fonts helped established Roman type as the dominant typeface of the Italian Renaissance.

This particular work is also significant to the library because it is one of our incunabula.  Incunabula are works printed prior to 1501, and therefore considered to be representative of the earliest stages of printing in the West.  The library is fortunate to have ten such books, most of which are held in the Classics of Medicine collection.



S.H. Steinberg.  Five Hundred Years of Printing. New edition, revised by John Trevitt.  Delaware & London: Oak Koll Press & The British Library, 1996.

Charles J. Nauert, Jr.  "Humanists, Scientists, and Pliny: Changing Approaches to a Classical Author." The American Historical Review.  84.1 (February 1979): 72-85.

* Please note: Becker Briefs pages may contain links, email addresses or information about resources which are no longer current.