January 2024 Scholarly Communications Round-up

Learn more about the updated ICMJE Recommendations, the December 2023 NSF notice on Artificial Intelligence, and a new video on using SciENcv for NSF biosketches.

ICMJE Recommendations Updated January 2024

The ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals Recommendations were updated this month. An annotated version of the changes are available here.  Among the changes include updates to recommendations for use of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and advising authors that references should be made to published articles rather than abstracts when possible, and funding statements.

NSF Notice on Artificial Intelligence

The National Science Foundation (NSF) issued a notice: Use of generative artificial intelligence technology in the NSF merit review process, in December 2023 with guidance related to Artificial Intelligence (AI) for reviewers and proposers:

  • NSF reviewers are prohibited from uploading any content from proposals, review information and related records to non-approved generative AI tools.
  • Proposers are encouraged to indicate in the project description the extent to which, if any, generative AI technology was used and how it was used to develop their proposal.

Related Reading: Parrilla JM. ChatGPT use shows that the grant-application system is broken. Nature. 2023 Nov;623(7986):443. doi: 10.1038/d41586-023-03238-5. PMID: 37833483.

New SciENcv Tutorial Video for NSF Biosketches

Learn how to create, share, and maintain National Science Foundation (NSF) approved biographical sketches to use for your proposal submission with the new step-by-step tutorial video (6:22) from NCBI. For more information on SciENcv, see the library guide: SciENcv.

OSTP Report

The White House Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) published a report that outlines the cost of publishing federally-funded research. The report, Report to Congress on Financing Mechanisms for Open Access Publishing of Federally Funded Research, was released in November 2023.



Singh Chawla D. US project seeks standard way to communicate research retractions. Nature. 2024 Jan 4. doi: 10.1038/d41586-024-00014-x. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38177808.

Brainard J. Retractions lag for wave of suspect papers. Science. 2024 Jan 26;383(6681):356. doi: 10.1126/science.ado2400. Epub 2024 Jan 25. PMID: 38271526.

Palmer J. How sharing your science in an opinion piece can boost your career. Nature. 2024 Jan;625(7993):205-206. doi: 10.1038/d41586-023-04091-2. PMID: 38168944.

Abalkina A. Challenges posed by hijacked journals in Scopus. JASIST. 2023. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24855.

Graham F. Daily briefing: Meet the data sleuth who spurred the Dana-Farber retractions. Nature. 2024 Jan 25. doi: 10.1038/d41586-024-00251-0. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38278938.

Kozlov M. Dana-Farber retractions: meet the blogger who spotted problems in dozens of cancer papers. Nature. 2024 Jan 24. doi: 10.1038/d41586-024-00202-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38267558.